The Department of Defense oversees a vast array of people and assets at home and abroad. We would improve the nation’s security by reducing our global overreach and adopting a more restrained and defensive strategy. We should cut the number of military personnel and reduce overseas deployments to save money and relieve burdens on military families.
The department will spend about $593 billion in fiscal 2014, or $4,821 per U.S. household. It has 1.5 million uniformed employees and about 738,000 civilian employees.
- Refocusing U.S. Defense Strategy. The department’s budget is built on an excessively ambitious strategy that tries to do too much, but leaves the nation less safe from true threats. Defense is a core federal function, but much of the work of today’s military has little to do with protecting our vital interests.
- A Plan to Cut Military Spending. U.S. ground forces should be reduced by one-third over time, which is possible without reducing U.S. security. The Navy should be restructured to operate as a surge force, rather than being a permanent global presence. We should also shift more of the burdens of defense to other prosperous democracies.
- Rightsizing U.S. Ground Forces. Rising personnel costs have pushed up the defense budget. The Army and Marines have grown since 2001, driven by the view that future wars will resemble those in Iraq and Afghanistan. But it is not in our interest to topple regimes and attempt long-term nation building. For combating terrorism, we do not need such a large Army as we have today.